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Puppy Care Guide

At Naturo we are experts in the field of your puppy's nutrition and our puppy care guide offers great advice and tips on how to care for your puppy in those most formative years.
 
Choosing your Puppy
 
When choosing your puppy it is important to consider the type of home you have. For instance, it wouldn't be practical to contain a Newfoundland to a small apartment. You also need to think of outside space. Does your house have a garden? Do you live near a park? A large dog, such as a Retriever, will need plenty of exercise;  therefore, outdoor space is just as important as indoor.
 
Cost is also a major factor when choosing a puppy.  You have the initial cost of buying essential equipment for your puppy, food and vet fees. Later there will be costs such as professional grooming, training classes and kennels.  It is also worth remembering that puppies grow into dogs and a large dog will be more expensive to keep than a small one.
 
Essential Equipment for Your Puppy
 
The best way to help your new puppy settle into a new home is by being prepared for its arrival. Here is a list of some essentials you should buy before you bring your puppy home:
 
  • Puppy Food
  • Food and water bowl
  • Collar and lead
  • Identity tags
  • Cosy bed to ensure your puppy is warm, comfortable, secure and safe
  • Puppy grooming kit
  • Toys to satisfy your puppy's natural desire to chew
 
Puppy Nutrition and Feeding Guide
Puppies have their own unique nutritional needs. By caring for your puppy's nutritional needs, you are giving your puppy the greatest chance of healthy growth and development.
 
  • Feed your puppy in the same place at the same time daily, this will help establish a routine which is key to good behaviour and learning
  • The golden rule for feeding a puppy is little and often
  • Water is an essential part of your puppy's diet, your puppy should always have access to fresh, clean water
  • Feed your puppy a natural and nutritious puppy food.
 
Puppy Toilet Training
 
As soon as you bring your new puppy home it must be toilet trained.  A puppy may need to relieve itself after eating, drinking or playing.  If you see it sniffing or pawing the ground, lift it to the place where you wish it to 'go'.  This could be on newspapers or puppy training pads within the house.  Some owners might prefer training in the garden.  In this case choose a remote area preferably with rough grass.
 
Vaccinations for your Puppy
 
As a responsible dog owner it is essential that you take your puppy to the local vets for its vaccinations.  Due to the colostrum in its mother's milk, puppies are usually protected from infection in the first few months of their lives.  However by week 8 most vets recommend taking your puppy for its first injection and the second at 12 weeks.  Some may recommend a third injection at week 16.
 
The vaccinations are given against major infectious diseases:
 
  • Canine distemper: An often fatal viral disease in unprotected dogs
  • Parvovirus: A viral respiratory disease
  • Lephospira: A bacterial disease affecting the liver or kidneys
  • Adenovirus: This causes a viral hepatitis and can also cause respiratory disease
  • Paranfluenza: A viral respiratory disease
Your puppy should be taken to the vets for an annual booster.
 

 
Typical Puppy Behaviour and Development
 
Although every puppy is different, you can expect some typical puppy behaviour.
 
3-5 weeks: Your puppy can hear, see and smell. Your puppy will begin to walk, bark, wag its tail, growl, chase and play.
 
5-7 weeks: Your puppy will become curious and will begin interacting with others.
 
7-9 weeks: Your puppy's senses will be fully developed. At this stage your puppy can begin to learn basic commands.
 
9-12 weeks: Your puppy will learn to interact with you and others and will have a strong desire to earn your approval.